2024 Arms Control Association Annual Meeting

The Center for International Policy is proud to participate in 2024 Arms Control Association Annual Meeting on Friday, June 7, at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C. 

This year’s conference will delve into some of the most pressing arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament challenges facing the nation and the world today.

CIP experts will speak on two separate panels, with Security Assistance Monitor director Ari Tolany presenting more effective U.S. arms transfer policy and senior non-resident fellow Negar Mortazavi on preventing further proliferation in the Middle East.

PANEL: Achieving More Effective Implementation of U.S. Arms Transfer Policy

  • John Ramming Chappell, Center for Civilians in Conflict
  • Ari Tolany, Center for International Policy
  • Mira K. Resnick, State Department
  • Moderator: Rachel Stohl, Stimson Center and member of the ACA Board

PANEL: Preventing Further Proliferation in the Middle East

  • Sharon Squassoni, Elliot School, George Washington University
  • Kelsey Davenport, Arms Control Association
  • Negar Mortazavi, Center for International Policy
  • Moderator: Arshad Mohammed, Reuters

You can find more information, including the full agenda, here.

The Biden Administration Cannot Avoid Scrutiny of Arms to Israel

WASHINGTON, D.C. – In response to reports that the Biden Administration sought to bypass congressional review and accompanying public scrutiny of massive arms transfers to Israel by dividing them into more than 100 smaller deliveries that individually fell under the threshold for mandatory notification to Congress under U.S. law, Ari Tolany, the Center for International Policy’s Security Assistance Monitor (SAM) director, issued the following statement:

“This doesn’t just seem like an attempt to avoid technical compliance with U.S. arms export law, it’s an extremely troubling way to avoid transparency and accountability on a high-profile issue.

“These arms laws and notification requirements exist precisely so that American lawmakers and taxpayers can evaluate the appropriateness of transferring U.S. weapons systems to a context like the devastating conflict in Gaza. Providing assistance to an active conflict should raise our standards of transparency and accountability, not diminish them. The fact that this glut of deadly arms has enabled massive civilian suffering in a bombardment that President Biden has himself called ‘indiscriminate,’ and that these transfers have continued despite the administration’s acknowledgement that Israel is blocking U.S. humanitarian aid, makes this move all the more disturbing.”

“Congress needs to step in immediately and demand a suspension in arms transfers to Israel until it can be sure such transfers can be conducted in full compliance with all relevant U.S. law – as well as our related obligations under international humanitarian law.”

CONGRESSIONAL BRIEFING: US Arms Sale & India’s Human Rights Violations

On February 1, the Biden administration notified Congress of intent to sell to India 31 Armed MQ-9B Reaper Drones with accompanying munitions (Hellfire missiles, bombs), hardware and software tech, and personnel for training and maintenance. The proposed sale raises serious questions about the government of India’s possible use of these weapons in violation of human rights law or the laws of war. On a larger level, it raises questions about U.S. foreign policy on India, the trajectory of the US-India relationship, and the Biden administration’s strategies in dealing with the government of India.

These concerns are amplified by the Indian government’s increasingly worrying human rights record and the scope and gravity of new reporting on the deteriorating human rights situation in the country, including Human Rights Watch’s reporting on the worsening trend including its recent 2024 World Report review of India’s record, a recent report by the American Bar Association on the Indian government’s grave abuses of counter-terrorism laws (and Amnesty-Human Rights Watch joint reporting on the same issue), highly concerning new assessments on India by the US Commission on International Religious Freedom, a new and devastating report on India by the US Holocaust Memorial Museum elevating its warnings on risks of mass violence, and a new report by Amnesty International on targeted demolitions of Muslim properties in India.

Please join a briefing on the proposed sale, including discussion of opportunities for Congressional action to address it, by senior staff from Amnesty International, Hindus for Human Rights, Human Rights Watch, and the Center for International Policy.

 

WHAT: US Arms Sale & India’s Human Rights Violations
WHEN: Wednesday, February 14, 2024 – 10:30 am EST
WHERE: 2043 Rayburn HOB, 45 Independence Ave SW Washington, DC
REGISTER: Click here to register

 

SPEAKERS:

Carolyn Nash — Asia Advocacy Director, Amnesty International

John Sifton — Asia Advocacy Director, Human Rights Watch

Ria Chakrabarty — Policy Director, Hindus for Human Rights

Ari Tolany — Director, Security Assistance Monitor, Center for International Policy

Co-organized by: Genocide Watch, World Without Genocide, Indian American Muslim Council, Hindus for Human Rights, Dalit Solidarity Forum, New York State Council of Churches, Justice for All, Federation of Indian American Christian Organizations of North America, India Civil Watch International, Center for Pluralism, International Commission for Dalit Rights, American Muslim Institution, International Society for Peace and Justice, North American Manipur Tribal Association, and Association of Indian Muslims of America

Demystifying End-Use Monitoring in U.S. Arms Exports

The United States remains the world’s largest purveyor of arms, representing nearly 37% of global arms exports between 2015 and 2020. In 2020 alone, the U.S. government approved over $110 billion in arms sales to countries in every corner of the globe. Concerned about U.S. arms facilitating human rights violationscivilian harm in conflict, and corruption, U.S. lawmakers and advocates have long sought to create safeguards against the misuse of the billions in American weaponry shipped abroad every year. End-use monitoring (EUM)is intended to be the answer to those concerns and is aimed at satisfying statutory requirements for the U.S. government to provide assurances that American arms are not being misused, diverted, or otherwise violating the terms of their export. Unfortunately, the current EUM regime fails to address today’s concerns about the human impact of U.S. arms transfers. This brief is intended to give an overview of current EUM policies, dispel commonly held misconceptions of current EUM practice, and offer recommendations for how these regulations could be strengthened.